Tuesday, January 18, 2022

Was Muhammad –Bin-Tughlaq a patricide?

Ghiasuddin Tughlaq Shah, the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty(1320-1414 C.E.). He was originally called Ghazi Malik but after ascending the throne of Delhi in 1320 C.E., he called himself Ghiasuddin Tughlaq shah. He constructed the city of Tughlaqabad, the first fortified city built by the sultans of Delhi Sultanate.

He made Jauna khan(also Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq, Ulugh Khan; c. 1290- 20 March 1351), his son the crown prince and he was the sultan of Delhi from 1325 to 1351 C.E.

Ghiasuddin Tughlaq left Delhi in charge of Jauna Khan and led an expedition to Bengal. He won the battle. Jauna Khan arranged a grand reception for his father at Afghanpur near Delhi on the triumphant return of the imperial army from Bengal. The wooden pavilion under which the sultan was received and entertained collapsed suddenly killing king Ghiasuddin when the elephants entered the venue.
Was jauna khan a patricide?

Is he the one who killed his own father treacherously in order to get the throne?

Nothing is been mentioned in history that he himself killed his own father as this is under suspense yet.

Fakruddin Muhammad Jauna Khan ascended the throne after the death of his father at Tughlaqabad after he was popularly called as Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. Most educated of all the preceding sultans of Delhi. He maintained diplomatic relations with far-off countries like Egypt, China, and Iran.

He brought in reforms in almost all sectors but almost all reforms either failed or backfired at him. The failure of his experiments made his financial position very weak.

He died in 1351 C.E., on his way to Sind near Thatta to crush a rebellion.

Ankita Sharma

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